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Evaluation: How wealthy is Saudi Arabia? Kingdom does the mathematics in steadiness sheet overhaul By Reuters


© Reuters. FILE PHOTO: Saudi lady walks on the Saudi inventory market (Tadawul), in Riyadh


By Davide Barbuscia

DUBAI (Reuters) – Saudi Arabia desires to demystify its funds.

The dominion is engaged on making a consolidated steadiness sheet of its belongings and liabilities which can embody objects presently saved off the oil-rich economic system’s books, together with the investments and money owed of its highly effective sovereign wealth fund.

“The primary goal of this programme is to have a monetary equal of an MRI of the federal government steadiness sheet,” a Finance Ministry spokesman informed Reuters, including that it could embody belongings and liabilities which might be presently “off-balance sheet”.

Saudi Arabia’s Crown Prince and de facto ruler Mohammed bin Salman has put Public Funding Fund (PIF), Saudi Arabia’s predominant sovereign wealth fund, on the centre of reforms geared toward diversifying the economic system of the world’s prime oil exporter away from fossil gasoline.

Underneath the prince’s chairmanship, PIF has reworked from a sleepy sovereign wealth fund into a worldwide funding automobile making multi-billion greenback bets on hi-tech corporations similar to Uber (NYSE:) in addition to different fairness investments and pledging tens of billions of {dollars} to funds run by Japan’s Softbank (OTC:).

Its monetary statements will not be revealed and it doesn’t characteristic within the kingdom’s funds, which is publicly out there.

Gulf nations do not sometimes publish details about their general money owed and belongings however the PIF’s riskier funding profile and infusion of state funding have made its opacity a problem for some traders.

“Transfers of wealth from liquid swimming pools of belongings like central financial institution reserves into PIF’s much less liquid (and fewer clear) investments will increase the general threat profile of the general public sector steadiness sheet,” stated Kirjanis Krustins, a director in Fitch’s sovereign group.

“Debt traders would are inclined to see the federal government and its key authorities associated entities similar to PIF as representing considerably the identical threat. Thus the levering up of the broader Saudi advanced may in some unspecified time in the future affect the federal government’s personal borrowing prices,” he stated.

The federal government media workplace didn’t reply to a request for remark.


The federal government began working within the second half of final yr on the so-called Sovereign Asset and Legal responsibility Administration (SALM) framework and the spokesman stated it was a ‘long-term undertaking’ with no resolution but made on when and the way its outcomes could be disclosed.

“If we use benchmarks we are going to see nations spent a few years to implement the consolidation section,” he stated of the undertaking.

The PIF’s funds are formidable.

Its belongings have swelled to $400 billion as of 2020 from $150 billion in 2015, with the fund bolstered by an anticipated $70 billion payday from Saudi Aramco (SE:), the state oil firm, for PIF’s stake in a petrochemical large and a $40 billion switch from the central financial institution’s international reserves.

It was additionally the recipient of almost $30 billion in proceeds from Aramco’s preliminary public providing in 2019.

The fund has raised $21 billion in loans between 2018 and 2019, and is finalising a brand new facility anticipated to be over $10 billion in measurement, sources have stated.


Regardless of Saudi’s oil wealth, creating sufficient jobs for the dominion’s younger inhabitants is likely one of the largest challenges going through Prince Mohammed, identified within the West as MbS.

The federal government has been pushing via financial insurance policies since 2016 aiming to create thousands and thousands of jobs and cut back unemployment to 7% by 2030. However fiscal austerity to comprise a yawning deficit has slowed funding, and the coronavirus disaster final yr pushed unemployment as much as a document 15.4%.

To get the deficit down from an eye-watering 12% of GDP final yr to a shortfall of 4.9% by the top of this yr, Riyadh has slashed capital spending.

It’s relying as an alternative on the PIF to fund a few of the main infrastructure tasks to assist increase progress, together with NEOM, a $500 billion high-tech enterprise zone, and the lately introduced “The Line”, a 1 million inhabitants carbon-free metropolis in NEOM, anticipated to price between $100 billion and $200 billion.

PIF plans to inject at the least 150 billion riyals ($40 billion) yearly into the native economic system till 2025, and to extend its belongings to 4 trillion riyals ($1.07 trillion) by that date, Prince Mohammed has stated.

“MBS understands that except the economic system grows at a charge above 6.5-7%, the youth unemployment charge will stagnate or develop – and that may be a ticking time bomb,” stated Khaled Abdel Majeed, MENA fund supervisor at London-based SAM Capital Companions, an funding advisory agency, commenting about transfers of state funds to PIF.

“Doing issues the ‘regular’ approach via ‘regular’ channels will take extra time than is obtainable.”